MILAN | ITALY – Kuwait’s ruling Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah has died, his office announced on Tuesday, plunging his country into mourning for a leader regarded by many Gulf Arabs as a savvy diplomatic operator and a humanitarian champion.
Sheikh Sabah, 91, had ruled the wealthy oil producer and U.S. ally since 2006 and steered its foreign policy for more than 50 years. His designated successor is his brother, Crown Prince Sheikh Nawaf al-Ahmad al-Sabah.
The emir had been in hospital in the United States since July following surgery for an unspecified condition in Kuwait that same month.
Sheikh Sabah sought to balance relations with Kuwait’s bigger neighbors – foraging the closest ties with Saudi Arabia, rebuilding links with former occupier Iraq and keeping dialogue with Iran.
He tried to meditate in a Gulf dispute that saw Riyadh and its allies impose a boycott on Qatar, and made fundraising and humanitarian aid in Syria one of Kuwait’s priorities.
Condolences poured in from across the Arab World, and several countries in the Gulf and wider region announced mourning periods.
‘Today we lost a big brother and a wise and loving leader…who spread no effort for Arab unity’, Jordan’s King Abdullah said in a Twitter post.
The Kuwaiti dinar fell against the U.S. dollar in the forward market on Tuesday and Kuwaiti stocks plunged, ahead of the official announcement of the emir’s death.
There was no immediate official announcement of the succession process but diplomats have said they expect Sheikh Nawaf, 83, to assume power as heir in a smooth transition.
A succession is not expected to affect oil policy or foreign investment strategy through the Kuwait Investment Authority, one of the world’s biggest sovereign wealth funds. Oil policy is set by the Supreme Petroleum Council, appointed by the emir.
The new emir’s choice of crown prince and prime minister – who would be tasked with managing the government’s often difficult relationship with parliament – – will be watched closely, especially at a time when Kuwait’s finances have been strained by low oil prices and the coronavirus pandemic.