WASHINGTON – The U.S. military on Wednesday unveiled plans to withdraw about 12,000 troops from Germany, in fallout from President Donald Trump’s long-simmering feud with Berlin, but said it will keep nearly half of those forces in Europe to address tension with Russia.
Trump announced his intention last month to cut by about a third the 36,000 – strong U.S. troop contingent in Germany, faulting the close U.S. ally for failing to meet NATO’s defense spending target and accusing it of taking advantage of the United States on trade.
‘We don’t want to be the suckers and more’, Trump told reporters at the White House on Wednesday about the decision. ‘We’re reducing the force because they’re not paying their bills; it’s very simple’.
Defense Secretary Mark Esper has not portrayed the pullout in those terms and said the military’s plan would prevent the troop movements from undermining NATO and its efforts to deter Russian intervention, following Moscow’s 2014 annexation of the Crimean Peninsula.
In remarks likely to irk Moscow, Esper said some U.S. troops would reposition to the Black Sea region and some could temporarily deploy in waves to the Baltics.
Other forces leaving Germany would permanently move to Italy and the U.S. military’s European headquarters would relocate from Stuttgard, Germany, to Belgium.
In total, just under 6,000 troops of the 12,000 leaving Germany are expected to remain in Europe. Many of the other forces will be based in the United State but will rotate into Europe for temporary deployments without their families.
‘I’m telling you that this is going to accomplish what the president said with regard to getting us down to a lower number in Europe, and it meets his other objectives I outlined with regards to the strategic piece’, Esper said.
U.S. officials stressed that only a relatively small number of advanced units would move anytime soon. The rest of the troop movements would take years to fully implement, in part give the potentially billions of dollars in additional cost.
Still, the moves out of Germany represent a remarkable rebuke to one of the closest U.S. military allies and trading partners.
The premiers of four German states that host U.S. troops have appealed to members of the U.S. Congress to block Trump’s withdrawal, which current and former American officials, as well as German officials, have criticized as politically, not strategically, driven.
‘Instead of strengthening NATO, the troop withdrawal will weaken the alliance’, Norbert Roettgen, a senior member of Chancellor Angel Merkel’s conservatives, told Augesburger Allgemine newspaper.
Republican Senator Mitt Romney, who has been critical of Trump, said the plan to remove troops from Germany was ‘a grave error’.
‘It is a slap in the face at a friend and ally’, Romney said in a statement.
If he is elected president, Democrat Joe Biden will review the Republican incumbent’s decision to withdraw the troops from Germany, a top Biden aide told Reuters earlier this month.