HELATH | Most Traumatic Brain Injuries In U.S. Kids Linked To Consumer Products

The majority of the more than four million traumatic brain injuries in kids treated in U.S. emergency rooms involved consumer products, a new study suggests.

Brain injuries in  younger children were tied to products such as beds and flooring, while injuries in older kids were tied to sports, such as football, basketball and bicycling, researchers reported in Brain Injury.

“A child’s age is important when looking at the incidence and causes of these injuries”, said the study’s lead author, Bina Ali, a research scientist at the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in Beltsville, Maryland. “In this study we found that home furnishing and fixtures, primarily beds, were highest among infants and children up to 4 years old. Among children aged 5 to 19 traumatic brain injuries from sports and recreation were highest. The findings indicate priority area for traumatic brain injuries prevention”.

Using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System – All Injury Program, the researchers identified 4,091, 376 nonfatal pediatric TBIs seen in emergency room between 2010 and 2013. Stratified by age, there were 380,000 TBIs in infants under a year, 1,085,680 in children ages 1 to 4, 682,826 in kids ages 5 to 9,834,565 in 10-to 14-year-olds, and 1,107,463 in those ages 15 to 19.

Most youngsters with TBIs  (92%) were treated in the emergency room and then released.

Overall, 28.8% of the TBIs were related to sports and recreation, 17.2% to home furnishing and 17.1% to home structures and construction materials. Toys were linked with 2.4% of brain injuries, while personal use items, home electronics and hobbies and other product groups accounted for another 6.6. of TBIs.

Most injuries in infants (71.3%) and children ages 1 to 4 (60.6%) were related to home furnishing and fixtures, home structures and construction materials.

To protect these younger Kids Ali recommends “removing tripping hazards, such as area rugs, improving lighting, avoiding hard surface playgrounds, using home safety devices, such as stair gates and stairway handrails”.

By the time children reached ages 5 to 9, sports and recreation were accounting for 31.8% of brain injuries. That percentage rose to 53.9% in children ages 10 to 14 and dropped to 38.3% among youngsters ages 15 to 10.

The biggest single source of TBI in 10-to-19 year – olds was American football followed by basketball.

There are a numbers of strategies to keep brains safe in sports-playing kids in these age groups, said Dr. Chris Giza, a professor of pediatrics and neurosurgery at the University of California, Los Angeles, and UCLA’s Mattel Children’s Hospital.

“Use protective devices” Giza said. “Make sure helmets fit properly and are actually worn. Head injuries prevented by helmets are often skull fractures and other severe injuries. Those are the ones with the more debilitating long – term consequances.”

Giza also suggested that parents of kids playing organized sports get to known the coach and other staff. “You wouldn’t sign your child up for piano lessons without vetting the teacher”, she said. “Many parents don’t know the coach or the athletic trainer or whether there is medical supervision”.

“You also want to know whether the rules”, Giza said. “Does the coach have any training in injury prevention? What is the mentality of the team? Is it win at all costs or is there an emphasis on having fun and making sure there is good sportsmanship?

Parents may be surprised to find that toys, playgrounds and monkey bars accounted for such a small percentage of injuries. But that may be because “kids don’t have as much unstructured time these days”, Giza said. “You rarely see kis playing in the park or climbing trees.”

Source:  Brain Injury, online July 29, 2019.


  • HEALTH | Decorative Lights Contain Harmful Substances, Experts Warn
    Decorative lights contain potentially harmful plasticizers who concentration exceed legal limits, said an environmental organization. The Germany-based Friends of the Earth Organization has recently assigned a laboratory to test four types of decorative lights to see if they contain harmful phthalates and chlorinated paraffins. The tested lamps were brought from online vendors. “In three of … Read more
  • HEALTH | Drinking Milk Does Not Appear To Impact Longevity
    MILAN | ITALY – People who consume lots of milk and cheese and yogurt may not necessarily live any longer than those who don’t, a recent study suggests. Researchers examined data on total dairy consumption for more than 168,000 women and more than 49,000 men without any history of cancer of heart diseases. During about … Read more
  • HEALTH | Mayo Clinic, Abu Dhabi Health Services Open Hospital in UAE
    Mayo Clinic and Abu Dhabi Health Services Company have joined together to open a hospital for complex care in the United Arab Emirates. Sheikh Shakhbout Medical City began accepting patients earlier this month and is expected to be in full operation early next year. The hospital is licensed for 741 beds and is designed to … Read more
  • WORLD NEWS | WHO Launches First-Ever Insulin Programme To Expand Access To Life-Saving Treatment For Diabetes
    GENEVA | The World Health Organizations, WHO, announced the start of a pilot programme to prequalify human insulin to increase treatment for diabetes in low-and middle-income countries. The decision, announced on World Diabetes Day (14 November), is part of a series of steps WHO will take to address the growing diabetes burden in all regions. … Read more
  • SOCIAL MEDIA | Instagram Influencer Gets Four Years In Prison For Illegal Cosmetic Procedures
    A German Instagram influencer has been sentenced to four years in prison for conducting illegal beauty treatments. Michael Rehaag, a spokesperson at the district court in Bochum, told CNN the 29-year-old woman confessed to injecting hyaluronic acid as “filler” into the lips and noses of at least 35 women. The pregnant social media star, who … Read more
  • HEALTH | 7 Reasons Raspberries Are So Good For You
    Raspberries are enjoyable all year long, whether they’re fresh or frozen. These gorgeous aren’t just delicious and versatile; they have an impressive nutritional profile that makes them one of the healthiest choices in the produce aisle. Here are seven health benefits of raspberries, plus simple ways to include both fresh and frozen options into meals … Read more

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s